ADA References

ADA 2010 Standards

ADA 1990 Standards

Small Business Guideline

Helpfull Articles

ADA Investigating Agency

Login for more features

Search...

Doors

4.13 Doors.

4.13.1 General. Doors required to be accessible by 4.1 shall comply with the requirements of 4.13.

4.13.2 Revolving Doors and Turnstiles. Revolving doors or turnstiles shall not be the only means of passage at an accessible entrance or along an accessible route. An accessible gate or door shall be provided adjacent to the turnstile or revolving door and shall be so designed as to facilitate the same use pattern.

4.13.3 Gates. Gates, including ticket gates, shall meet all applicable specifications of 4.13.

4.13.4 Double-Leaf Doorways. If doorways have two independently operated door leaves, then at least one leaf shall meet the specifications in 4.13.5 and 4.13.6. That leaf shall be an active leaf.

4.13.5 Clear Width. Doorways shall have a minimum clear opening of 32 in (815 mm) with the door open 90 degrees, measured between the face of the door and the opposite stop.

Detail

Detail

Detail. Clear width is 32 inches (815 mm) minimum measured from the face of the door (open 90 degrees) to the face of the doorstop.

Hinged Door

Hinged Door

Hinged Door. Shows the same dimension as 24(a) with a hinged door.

Sliding Door

Sliding Door

Sliding Door. Clear width is 32 inches (815 mm) minimum measured from the end of the door to the face of the doorstop.

Openings more than 24 in (610 mm) in depth shall comply with 4.2.1 and 4.3.3

Maximum Doorway Depth

Maximum Doorway Depth

Maximum Doorway Depth. Clear width is 32 inches (815 mm) minimum measured from the one side wall to the face of the opposite side wall. The maximum depth of the opening shown is 24 inches (810 mm).

EXCEPTION: Doors not requiring full user passage, such as shallow closets, may have the clear opening reduced to 20 in (510 mm) minimum.

4.13.6 Maneuvering Clearances at Doors. Minimum maneuvering clearances at doors that are not automatic or power-assisted shall be as shown below:

Maneuvering Clearances at Doors

Maneuvering Clearances at Doors

Maneuvering Clearances at Doors

Maneuvering Clearances at Doors.
NOTE: All doors in alcoves shall comply with the clearances for front approaches.

Depending on the direction of approach, diagrams (a) through (f) illustrate minimum maneuvering space depths and latch side clearances for both push and pull sides of swinging, sliding and folding doors. (4.13.6).

Figure 25(a) Front Approaches -- Swinging Doors. Front approaches to pull side of swinging doors shall have maneuvering space that extends from the hinge side of the door to 18 inches (455 mm) minimum, 24 inches (610 mm) preferred, beyond the latch side of the door and 60 inches (1525 mm) minimum perpendicular to the doorway.

Front approaches to push side of swinging doors, if equipped with both closer and latch, shall have maneuvering space starting at the hinge side and that extends 12 inches (305 mm) minimum beyond the latch side of the door and 48 inches (1220 mm) minimum perpendicular to the doorway.

Front approaches to push side of swinging doors, if not equipped with latch and closer, shall have maneuvering space that is the same width as door opening and extends 48 inches (1220 mm) minimum perpendicular to the doorway.

Figure 25(b) Hinge Side Approaches - Swinging Doors. Hinge-side approaches (a side approach toward the hinge side of the door) to the pull side of swinging doors shall have maneuvering space that extends 36 inches (915 mm) minimum beyond the latch side of the door if 60 inches (1525 mm) minimum is provided perpendicular to the doorway or maneuvering space that extends 42 inches (1065 mm) minimum beyond the latch side of the door if 54 inches (1370 mm) minimum is provided perpendicular to the doorway.

Hinge-side approaches (from the side facing the hinge side) to the push side of swinging doors, if the door is not equipped with both latch and closer, shall have a maneuvering space of 54 inches (1370 mm) minimum parallel to the doorway, extending from the latch side to beyond the hinge side, and 42 inches (1065 mm) minimum perpendicular to the doorway.

Hinge side approaches to push side of swinging doors, if equipped with both latch and closer, shall have maneuvering space of 54 inches (1370 mm) minimum parallel to the doorway, extending from the latch side to beyond the hinge side, and 48 inches (1220 mm) minimum perpendicular to the doorway.

Figure 25(c) Latch Side Approaches -- Swinging Doors. Latch-side approaches to the pull side of swinging doors that have closers shall have maneuvering space that extends from the hinge side to 24 inches (610 mm) minimum beyond the latch side of the door and 54 inches (1370 mm) minimum perpendicular to the doorway.

Latch-side approaches to the pull side of swinging doors, if not equipped with closers, shall have maneuvering space that extends from the hinge side to 24 inches (610 mm) minimum beyond the latch side of the door and 48 inches (1220 mm) minimum perpendicular to the doorway.

Latch-side approaches to push side of swinging doors that have closers shall have maneuvering space that extends from the hinge side to 24 inches (610 mm) minimum parallel to the doorway beyond the latch side of the door and 48 inches (1220 mm) minimum perpendicular to the doorway.

Latch-side approaches to push side of swinging doors, if not equipped with closers, shall have maneuvering space that extends from the hinge side to 24 inches (610 mm) minimum parallel to the doorway beyond the latch side of the door and 42 inches (1065 mm) minimum perpendicular to the doorway.

 

 

The floor or ground area within the required clearances shall be level and clear.

EXCEPTION: Entry doors to acute care hospital bedrooms for in-patients shall be exempted from the requirement for space at the latch side of the door (see dimension "x" in figure below) if the door is at least 44 in (1120 mm) wide.

4.13.7 Two Doors in Series. The minimum space between two hinged or pivoted doors in series shall be 48 in (1220 mm) plus the width of any door swinging into the space. Doors in series shall swing either in the same direction or away from the space between the doors.

Two Hinged Doors in Series

Two Hinged Doors in Series

Two Hinged Doors in Series.
The minimum space between two hinged or pivoted doors in series shall be 48 inches (1220 mm) plus the width of any door swinging into the space. Doors in series shall swing either in the same direction or away from the space between the doors.


4.13.8* Thresholds at Doorways. Thresholds at doorways shall not exceed 3/4 in (19 mm) in height for exterior sliding doors or 1/2 in (13 mm) for other types of doors. Raised thresholds and floor level changes at accessible doorways shall be beveled with a slope no greater than 1:2 (see 4.5.2).

4.13.9* Door Hardware. Handles, pulls, latches, locks, and other operating devices on accessible doors shall have a shape that is easy to grasp with one hand and does not require tight grasping, tight pinching, or twisting of the wrist to operate.

Lever-operated mechanisms, push-type mechanisms, and U-shaped handles are acceptable designs. When sliding doors are fully open, operating hardware shall be exposed and usable from both sides. Hardware required for accessible door passage shall be mounted no higher than 48 in (1220 mm) above finished floor.

4.13.10* Door Closers. If a door has a closer, then the sweep period of the closer shall be adjusted so that from an open position of 70 degrees, the door will take at least 3 seconds to move to a point 3 in (75 mm) from the latch, measured to the leading edge of the door.

4.13.11* Door Opening Force. The maximum force for pushing or pulling open a door shall be as follows:

(1) Fire doors shall have the minimum opening force allowable by the appropriate administrative authority.

(2) Other doors.

(a) exterior hinged doors: (Reserved).

(b) interior hinged doors: 5 lbf (22.2N)

(c) sliding or folding doors: 5 lbf (22.2N)

These forces do not apply to the force required to retract latch bolts or disengage other devices that may hold the door in a closed position.

4.13.12* Automatic Doors and Power-Assisted Doors. If an automatic door is used, then it shall comply with ANSI/BHMA A156.10-1985. Slowly opening, low-powered, automatic doors shall comply with ANSI A156.19-1984. Such doors shall not open to back check faster than 3 seconds and shall require no more than 15 lbf (66.6N) to stop door movement. If a power-assisted door is used, its door-opening force shall comply with 4.13.11 and its closing shall conform to the requirements in ANSI A156.19-1984.