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ADA 2010 Standards

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4.17 Toilet Stalls.

4.17.1 Location. Accessible toilet stalls shall be on an accessible route and shall meet the requirements of 4.17.

4.17.2 Water Closets. Water closets in accessible stalls shall comply with 4.16.

4.17.3* Size and Arrangement. The size and arrangement of the standard toilet stall shall comply with figure here-under, Standard Stall. Standard toilet stalls with a minimum depth of 56 in (1420 mm) (see figure here-under) shall have wall-mounted water closets. If the depth of a standard toilet stall is increased at least 3 in (75 mm), then a floor-mounted water closet may be used. Arrangements shown for standard toilet stalls may be reversed to allow either a left- or right-hand approach. Additional stalls shall be provided in conformance with 4.22.4.

Standard Stall

Standard Stall

EXCEPTION: In instances of alteration work where provision of a standard stall (figure here-above) is technically infeasible or where plumbing code requirements prevent combining existing stalls to provide space, either alternate stall may be provided in lieu of the standard stall.

Alternate Stalls

Alternate Stalls

Alternate Stalls. Two alternate stalls are permitted for alterations only; one alternate stall is required to be 36 inches (915 mm) wide. The other alternate stall is required to be a minimum of 48 inches (1220 mm) wide. In either alternate stall, if a wall mounted water closet is used, the depth of the stall is required to be a minimum of 66 inches (1675 mm). If a floor mounted water closet is used, the depth of the stall is required to be a minimum of 69 inches (1745 mm). The 36 inches (915 mm) wide stall shall have parallel grab bars on the side walls. The 48 inches (1220 mm) minimum stall shall have a grab bar behind the water closet and one on the side wall next to the water closet. Grab bars are mounted 33-36 inches (840-915 mm) above the finish floor. In both alternate stalls, the centerline of the water closet is 18 inches (455 mm) from a side wall. In both alternate stalls, the grab bars along the sides of the water closets shall extend at least 54 inches (1370 mm) from the back wall and shall have one end no farther than 12 inches (305 mm) from the back wall.

4.17.4 Toe Clearances. In standard stalls, the front partition and at least one side partition shall provide a toe clearance of at least 9 in (230 mm) above the floor. If the depth of the stall is greater than 60 in (1525 mm), then the toe clearance is not required.

4.17.5* Doors. Toilet stall doors, including door hardware, shall comply with 4.13. If toilet stall approach is from the latch side of the stall door, clearance between the door side of the stall and any obstruction may be reduced to a minimum of 42 in (1065 mm).

Toilet Stalls

Toilet Stalls

Toilet Stalls.

Figure 30(a) Standard Stall. The minimum width of the stall is 60 inches (1525 mm). The centerline of the water closet is 18 inches (455 mm) from the side wall. The location of the door is in front of the clear space and diagonal to the water closet, with a maximum stile width of 4 inches (100 mm). An alternate door location is permitted to be on the adjacent side (side wall) of the stall also diagonal to the water closet with a maximum stile width of 4 inches (100 mm). If a wall mounted water closet is used, the depth of the stall is required to be a minimum of 56 inches (1420 mm). If a floor mounted water closet is used, the depth of the stall is required to be a minimum of 59 inches (1500 mm). A grab bar at least 36 inches (965 mm) long shall be located behind the water closet, with one end no farther than 6 inches (150 mm) from the inside corner of the stall. Another grab bar shall be mounted adjacent to the water closet on the side wall and extend from no more than 12 inches (305 mm) from the back wall to at least 52 inches (1320 mm) from the back wall.

Figure 30(a-1) Standard Stall (end of row). If a standard stall is provided at the end of a row of stalls, and if the length of the stall is extended at least a minimum of 36 inches (915 mm) beyond the required minimum length, the door (if located on the side of the stall diagonal to the water closet) may swing into the stall. Two grab bars are located in the rear and the side of the water closet. The centerline of the water closet is 18 inches (455 mm) from the side wall with a long grab bar.

Figure 30(b) Alternate Stalls. Two alternate stalls are permitted for alterations only; one alternate stall is required to be 36 inches (915 mm) wide. The other alternate stall is required to be a minimum of 48 inches (1220 mm) wide. In either alternate stall, if a wall mounted water closet is used, the depth of the stall is required to be a minimum of 66 inches (1675 mm). If a floor mounted water closet is used, the depth of the stall is required to be a minimum of 69 inches (1745 mm). The 36 inches (915 mm) wide stall shall have parallel grab bars on the side walls. The 48 inches (1220 mm) minimum stall shall have a grab bar behind the water closet and one on the side wall next to the water closet. Grab bars are mounted 33-36 inches (840-915 mm) above the finish floor. In both alternate stalls, the centerline of the water closet is 18 inches (455 mm) from a side wall. In both alternate stalls, the grab bars along the sides of the water closets shall extend at least 54 inches (1370 mm) from the back wall and shall have one end no farther than 12 inches (305 mm) from the back wall.

Figure 30(c) Rear Wall of Standard Stall. Grab bars located behind the water closet shall be at least 36 inches (915 mm) in length. One end of the grab bar is shown near the corner of the stall closest to the water closet. Figure 30(a) shows this end 6 inches (150 mm) maximum from the corner. All grab bars shall be located 33-36 inches (840-915 mm) above the finish floor.

Figure 30(d) Side Walls. Side grab bars shall be located 33-36 inches (840-915 mm) above the finish floor and shall be no more than 12 inches (305 mm) from the rear wall. Grab bars shall be at least 40 inches (1015 mm) long or at least 42 inches (1065 mm) long for alternate stalls. Water closet seat heights shall be between 17 inches (430 mm) and 19 inches (485 mm). Toilet paper dispensers shall be below the grab bar and at least 19 inches (485 mm) above the floor and no farther than 36 inches (915 mm) from the rear wall, measured to the far side of the dispensers.

4.17.6 Grab Bars. Grab bars complying with the length and positioning shown in figures here-under shall be provided. Grab bars may be mounted with any desired method as long as they have a gripping surface at the locations shown and do not obstruct the required clear floor area. Grab bars shall comply with 4.26.

Standard Stalls

Standard Stall

Standard Stall. The minimum width of the stall is 60 inches (1525 mm). The centerline of the water closet is 18 inches (455 mm) from the side wall. The location of the door is in front of the clear space and diagonal to the water closet, with a maximum stile width of 4 inches (100 mm). An alternate door location is permitted to be on the adjacent side (side wall) of the stall also diagonal to the water closet with a maximum stile width of 4 inches (100 mm). If a wall mounted water closet is used, the depth of the stall is required to be a minimum of 56 inches (1420 mm). If a floor mounted water closet is used, the depth of the stall is required to be a minimum of 59 inches (1500 mm). A grab bar at least 36 inches (965 mm) long shall be located behind the water closet, with one end no farther than 6 inches (150 mm) from the inside corner of the stall. Another grab bar shall be mounted adjacent to the water closet on the side wall and extend from no more than 12 inches (305 mm) from the back wall to at least 52 inches (1320 mm) from the back wall.

Alternate Stalls

Alternate Stalls

Alternate Stalls. Two alternate stalls are permitted for alterations only; one alternate stall is required to be 36 inches (915 mm) wide. The other alternate stall is required to be a minimum of 48 inches (1220 mm) wide. In either alternate stall, if a wall mounted water closet is used, the depth of the stall is required to be a minimum of 66 inches (1675 mm). If a floor mounted water closet is used, the depth of the stall is required to be a minimum of 69 inches (1745 mm). The 36 inches (915 mm) wide stall shall have parallel grab bars on the side walls. The 48 inches (1220 mm) minimum stall shall have a grab bar behind the water closet and one on the side wall next to the water closet. Grab bars are mounted 33-36 inches (840-915 mm) above the finish floor. In both alternate stalls, the centerline of the water closet is 18 inches (455 mm) from a side wall. In both alternate stalls, the grab bars along the sides of the water closets shall extend at least 54 inches (1370 mm) from the back wall and shall have one end no farther than 12 inches (305 mm) from the back wall.

Rear Wall of Standard Stall

Rear Wall of Standard Stall

Rear Wall of Standard Stall. Grab bars located behind the water closet shall be at least 36 inches (915 mm) in length. One end of the grab bar is shown near the corner of the stall closest to the water closet. Figure 30(a) shows this end 6 inches (150 mm) maximum from the corner. All grab bars shall be located 33-36 inches (840-915 mm) above the finish floor.

Side Walls

Side Walls

Side Walls. Side grab bars shall be located 33-36 inches (840-915 mm) above the finish floor and shall be no more than 12 inches (305 mm) from the rear wall. Grab bars shall be at least 40 inches (1015 mm) long or at least 42 inches (1065 mm) long for alternate stalls. Water closet seat heights shall be between 17 inches (430 mm) and 19 inches (485 mm). Toilet paper dispensers shall be below the grab bar and at least 19 inches (485 mm) above the floor and no farther than 36 inches (915 mm) from the rear wall, measured to the far side of the dispensers.